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SKU
CDL/1345
Brand
CONDALAB
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LISTERIA CHROMOGENIC AGAR BASE ISO 11290-1 acc. to OTTAVIANI and AGOSTI (ALOA) 500 grams/bottle

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Listeria Chromogenic Agar Base acc. to Ottaviani and Agosti (ALOA) is a selective medium for the presumptive isolation and identification of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria spp. in food and clinical samples. It is used for confirmation after using Listeria Enrichment Broth Base Fraser (Cat. 1120). This medium is also recommended by ISO 11290-1 for the detection and enumeration for Listeria monocytogenes. Enzymatic digest of animal tissues and enzymatic digest of casein provide nitrogen, vitamins, minerals and amino acids essential for growth. Yeast extract is the source of vitamins, particularly of the B-group. Sodium chloride supplies essential electrolytes for transport and osmotic balance. Sodium pyruvate is a source of energy for bacterial metabolism and aids in the resuscitation of stressed organisms. Glucose is the fermentable carbohydrate providing carbon and energy. Magnesium glycerophosphate is a buffering compound. Magnesium sulphate is a magnesium ion required for a large variety of enzymatic reactions, including DNA replication. The differential activity of the medium is due to two factors. Lithium chloride in the base medium and supplementary antimicrobial compounds Ceftazidime, Polymyxin, Nalidixic acid and Cycloheximide provide the mediums selectivity. Bacteriological agar is the solidifying agent. The presence of the chromogenic component X-glucoside, a substrate for the detection of the enzyme ß-glucosidase, is common to all Listeria species giving the colonies their blue colour. Other organisms that possess this enzyme, for example, Enterococci, are inhibited by the selective agents within the medium and by the selective supplement. The differential activity is also obtained by lipase C substrate, upon which the specific enzyme for L. monocytogenes acts. The lipase is responsible for the opaque white halo which surrounds L. monocytogenes. The combination of both substrates allows us to differentiate the colonies of Listeria monocytogenes from the rest of Listeria spp. since, although all are blue in colour, L. monocytogenes present an opaque white halo surrounding them. It has been observed that some strains of Listeria ivanovii, mostly pathogenic to animals although some have caused infections in humans, also possess lipase activity.
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